Blowout Week 124

This week’s Blowout features one of the storage options for intermittent renewable energy – the electric vehicle that discharges back into the grid. Nissan and Enel are about to launch a 100-vehicle pilot project that will charge from and discharge back into the UK grid. It will be interesting to see how it works out.

E&T: Nissan tests system to power National Grid with electric vehicles

The first vehicle-to-grid (V2G) trials are set to take place in the UK that will see energy stored in the batteries of electric cars being ceded back to the National Grid. The V2G trial is being led by Nissan and energy company Enel and will see 100 electric cars installed with the technology being connected to the grid.

The automaker said that once V2G is scaled up, owners of its electric vehicles could be-come a key part of the UK’s electricity network. It is hoped the V2G system will turn EVs into clean mobile energy units that could store unused power from renewables that can be sent back to the grid to power homes and offices. Renewable energy generation from wind and solar is currently hampered by the difficulty in storing and releasing it to provide a steady electricity supply. “Smart energy management is one of the biggest challenges any nation faces for the future, which is why this trial is so critical in assessing the feasibility of using variable, more flexible energy sources,” said Paul Willcox, chairman of Nissan Europe.

To follow up we have stories on the recent UK power crunch, China and Russia want a slice of Hinkley Point, Danish wind turbine workers sickened by chemicals, France’s 1000km solar road, Tasmania turns off backup diesel generators, solar set to take off in Scotland, Alaska’s “surprising” solar potential, the UK’s “insane” fifth carbon budget, oil & gas bankuptcies surge, global energy consumption to increase 48% by 2040, Germany pays consumers to use electricity and global warming shrinks seabird beaks.

Telegraph: National Grid issues supply crunch warning

A series of power plant breakdowns and the partial failure of a key electricity import cable forced National Grid to issue an urgent call for more power to keep the lights on on Monday night. A Nism alert has not been issued in summer months since 2008 as the warm weather means power demand is normally lower. But the combination of a large number of power plants being shut down for maintenance, the series of unplanned shut-downs and wind power being lower than expected together forced Grid to take the unusual step. Experts said the multiple breakdowns – believed to be primarily old coal and gas plants – showed the urgent need for more investment in reliable new power plants. National Grid said about 1,700 megawatts of capacity was unexpectedly taken off the system yesterday. In addition, a problem forced the part closure of a National Grid-owned interconnector cable importing power from France, with the loss of another 500 megawatts.

Telegraph: Birds scupper offshore wind farm

A £2bn offshore wind farm project on the verge of construction could be scuppered because of an unresolved legal challenge over fears it will kill too many birds. The 450-megawatt Neart na Gaoithe wind farm would see up to 64 turbines, each up to 646 feet tall, built nine miles off the coast of Fife. It was one of only two offshore wind projects to win a crucial subsidy contract from the Government last year. But that deal could soon be revoked unless a judicial review brought by the RSPB against planning consent for the project is resolved. The charity argues the wind farm, together with three other proposed projects in the Firths of Forth and Tay, would be among “the most deadly for birds anywhere in the world”. Andy Kinsella, of project developer Mainstream Renewable Power, said it had lined up investors and financing to cover the full £2bn project cost and was “ready to go and reach financial close” but could not take “the last step” while the legal threat remained, since this could result in the planning consent being declared “null and void”.

Guardian: Subsidy U-turn clouds future of major Scottish windfarm

The Neart na Gaoithe windfarm, based in Scotland’s outer Forth estuary, would have a capacity of about 450MW of power and was originally planned to cost £1.4bn to build, though that is likely to rise to more than £2bn. But reports from the Financial Times and BBC on Thursday suggested that the contract for the windfarm was to be terminated. The Low Carbon Contracts Company (LCCC) had sent a notice to the developer, Mainstream Renewable Power, effectively withdrawing the subsidy. Mainstream Renewable Power has taken legal action over the notice and said it “strongly disputed the validity of the termination notice”. In a statement, that it said had been agreed with the LCCC, the windfarm developer said: “Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Limited are currently in arbitration with the LCCC over the terms of its contract for the Neart na Gaoithe offshore wind farm in the outer Firth of Forth.” It added: “[We] continue to work hard to ensure that this significant energy infrastructure project will be built as planned.”

Fox: Colorado strikes down local fracking bans

The Colorado Supreme Court struck down attempts by two cities to ban or delay fracking on Monday, a major victory for the oil and gas industry. The court ruled that a ban on fracking in Longmont and a five-year moratorium in Fort Collins are invalid because they conflict with state law. State officials and the industry argued the state has the primary authority to regulate energy, not local governments. The courts may not have the final say, however. Fracking critics hope to get at least five measures on the November ballot to amend the state Constitution to restrict the industry or allow local governments to do so. The industry has said it will fight those proposals.

International Business Times: China ‘secretly’ drawing up plans to take over Hinkley Point.

The delayed Hinkley Point nuclear power station project may have received a much needed boost after it was reported that the Chinese were waiting by the sidelines to take over the nuclear project if the French deal does not go ahead. EDF, which runs the project, had said on 12 May that the project’s price could increase from £18bn to £21bn ($26-$30bn; €22.9-€26.7bn). It also cautioned that the project would not be completed before 2027 —ten years later than initially scheduled. There are now concerns that EDF may hand over the nuclear site to another developer. Lord Howell of Guildford told the House of Lords that the Chinese government was drawing secret plans to build two nuclear reactors at Hinkley point if the existing deal with EDF does not go ahead. He claims that the Chinese government has a ‘plan B’ to bypass EDF. China believe that it can build its own reactors faster compared to that proposed by EDF, The Times reported.

Guardian: Russia keen to break into UK nuclear market too

A Russian nuclear group is hoping that the potential meltdown of French plans to build new European pressurised reactors at Hinkley Point could offer an opportunity to break into the British nuclear market. Recent talks have been held between state-owned Russian nuclear group Rosatom and the UK’s Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) despite the chilly political relations between London and Moscow over Ukraine, Moscow sources claimed.These discussions centred on whether Russia could help Britain with removal of uranium from old reactors – but Rosatom is understood to have a wider agenda of trying to resuscitate earlier plans to build its own reactors in Britain. “There is still an appetite to enter the UK market,” said a senior Russian nuclear industry source who claimed Rosatom’s London-based representatives still maintained contacts with the Department of Energy and Climate Change. “EDF has been pushing the [UK] government to consider a portfolio of reactor designs, not just Areva’s [EPR] but Chinese technologies. So why not use Russian designs? Technically speaking it’s doable.”

Guardian: Rain in Tasmania turns off temporary diesel generators

Following substantial rain, Hydro Tasmania on Thursday confirmed the state is now powered entirely by renewable energy for the first time in 2016. “We may require some bursts of diesel and gas generation over coming months,” Hydro boss Stephen Davy said, adding that there is currently enough hydro and wind energy to power the state. “The past 10 days have been very positive. We’ve had more rain than predicted and our storages have risen strongly,” he said. “There’s currently enough hydro and wind energy available to meet all Tasmanian demand. For the first time in months, our island is being powered solely by renewable energy. Tasmanians can be assured that we’re monitoring and managing the situation flexibly to ensure the rain isn’t wasted and our major storages, Lake Gordon and Great Lake, can start to recover.” Emergency diesel generators imported to Tasmania to deal with the energy crisis were switched off throughout the week and the combined cycle gas turbine generator at the Tamar Valley power station was turned off on Wednesday.

Business Insider: Venezuela extends 2-day work week to save electricity

Venezuela’s socialist government has extended a two-day workweek for public sector em-ployees for another two weeks because of a drought that has sapped hydroelectric power generation in the OPEC country. The South American country’s 2.8 million employees al-ready have Fridays off during April and May. President Nicolas Maduro in late April gave them Wednesdays and Thursdays off too, and canceled school on Fridays. Maduro’s rivals have called the shortened workweek foolhardy, arguing that sending employees home will not solve the power crunch and halting activity will merely worsen Venezuela’s deepening recession. But the ruling Socialist Party said on Monday the measures would last until at least May 27. Drought has reduced water levels at Venezuela’s main dam and hydroelectric plant in Guri, which covers about two-thirds of the country’s energy needs, to near-critical levels.

CPHpost: Danish wind turbine workers chronically ill after prolonged exposure to dangerous chemicals

DR reports that up to 64 workers at Siemens Wind Power in Denmark have developed chronic illnesses after prolonged exposure to dangerous chemicals over the last decade. DR yesterday revealed it has access to reports from the National Board of Industrial In-juries in Denmark dealing with 64 compensation cases brought by employees against the company. According to DR, the National Board of Industrial Injuries has reached the de-cision that the illnesses developed by the employees in question, including asthma and eczema, are a direct result of exposure to the toxic chemicals epoxy and isocyanates. The chemicals are known allergens, and they are on the EU’s list of carcinogenic substances. According to DR, Siemens has confirmed it illegally used isocyanates during the manufacturing process for wind turbines from 2003 to 2011.

YourStory: France’s 1,000 km long solar road

In February this year, the French government announced that it wants to pave 1,000 Km (621 miles) of road with solar panels over the next five years. The first tests will be done in March next year, according to French infrastructure company Colas, which has developed the photovoltaic road surface (called “Wattway”) to be used in the trials, 1-km-long section of road will be able to power public street lighting for a town of 5,000 inhabit-ants. This means that, once the project is completed, the new roadways will be able to supply electricity to 5 million people, or about 8% of the French population. Colas’ tech-nology is innovative, compared to other photovoltaic solutions, in that it does not require to rip out the existing road infrastructure, or make any kind of civil engineering work. Wattway panels are composed of cells inserted, in superposed layers, inside a thin film of polycrystalline silicon which can be applied directly on the pavement. The cells are encapsulated in a resin substrate, to keep them rainproof, and the composite material is just 7 mm thick, making it possible to adapt to thermal dilation in the pavement.

Herald Scotland: Sturgeon “takes flight from reason” over fracking

Nicola Sturgeon has “taken flight from reason” after cynically hardening her stance against fracking in a move that will damage the case for Scottish independence and be warmly welcomed by Vladimir Putin, a former Government advisor has claimed. In a blistering attack, Professor Paul Younger, who was appointed to a Scottish Government taskforce to examine unconventional oil and gas extraction, said the SNP “need not be surprised when any scientist who respects the most basic norms of professional integrity” refuses to work with its ministers in future, following comments made by the party leader in the recent election campaign. Professor Younger said he was “flabbergasted” that all but one of Scotland’s main parties were “trashing” an industry that would re-employ North Sea workers “in a far safer environment”. He added: “The Scottish offshore workforce will simply be abandoned to unemployment or, at best, to far less skilled, less lucrative jobs. The only real winner in all of this is Vladimir Putin, who cannot wait to add Scotland to the list of countries that will shortly come to depend on importing gas from Russia. I remain utterly baffled as to why a party that claims to want independence for Scotland is happy to forego jobs and indigenous energy security when both are in peril, placing Scotland in precarious dependency on England for both.”

Quartz: Germany pays consumers to use electricity

On Sunday, May 8, Germany hit a new high in renewable energy generation. Thanks to a sunny and windy day, at one point around 1pm the country’s solar, wind, hydro and bio-mass plants were supplying about 55 GW of the 63 GW being consumed, or 87%. Power prices actually went negative for several hours, meaning commercial customers were be-ing paid to consume electricity. Last year the average renewable mix was 33%, reports Agora Energiewende, a German clean energy think tank. New wind power coming online should push that even higher. “We have a greater share of renewable energy every year,” said Christoph Podewils of Agora. “The power system adapted to this quite nicely. This day shows again that a system with large amounts of renewable energy works fine.”

Solar Power Portal: Solar set for growth in Scotland says SNP energy spokesperson

Solar deployment is set to ramp up over the next decade according to the Scottish National Party’s (SNP) energy and climate change spokesman, who said Scotland represents a huge opportunity for solar. Speaking at the launch event of Solarcentury’s Sunstation yesterday evening, Callum McCaig said the re-elected SNP would be focusing on solar following a prolonged period of wind deployment. “There has clearly been a huge deployment of onshore wind in Scotland in the last decade or so and perhaps to a degree that has constrained the ability to which we can see solar coming,” he said. “But the re-elected SNP government has the target of having 100% electricity produced from renewables and clearly the broader mix that we have in that the better. That means there will be a huge opportunity for solar deployment over the next five to ten years or so.”

Telegraph: The Fifth Carbon Budget – the most insane Act passed by Parliament

What the “Fifth Carbon Carbon Budget” proposes is terrifying. It talks of how 60 per cent of our cars should by then be electric. We must look forward to abandoning use of gas for heating and cooking. As, within five years, we are due to stop using the coal that until recently supplied more than a third of our energy), we must nevertheless double our electricity consumption, for cooking, heating and transport. And most of this will come from a huge expansion in “renewables” and new nuclear plants: only one of which is yet in the pipeline, already billed to be the most expensive power station in the world and which we were told last week will not be on stream until 2026. Even the committee is aware that, due to the intermittency of wind and solar, to keep Britain’s economy running we would need a great many new gas-fired power stations to provide backup when the wind doesn’t blow and the sun doesn’t shine. But as this is a fossil fuel, they propose it should carry an increased “carbon tax” (four times higher than its present level, already four times higher than anywhere else in the world), which will make its power so costly that this might somehow make wind farms seem “competitive”. It must also, they repeatedly insist, be fit-ted with “carbon capture” to bury all their CO2: using a technology not yet developed and which probably never will be.

Grist: Alaska has surprising solar power potential

In oil-rich Alaska, where there’s little sunlight in the winter, solar power isn’t an obvious option. But it is a promising one. A recent study from the U.S. Department of Energy looked at the potential of solar in 11 remote Alaskan villages and found that in many areas, it’s cost-competitive with diesel. Overall, thanks to Alaska’s sunny, radiant summers, the solarscape looks more promising than you might expect given those dreary winter months. The DOE study compares the state’s solar potential to that of Germany, the world’s current poster child for all things solar and wind, which isn’t particularly sunny, either. The image below compares how much solar radiation shines down on both regions in terms of kilowatt-hours per square meter per day. Looks like solar’s not just for sun-drenched California anymore.

Reuters: China to boost energy storage 10-fold to cut power waste

China is expected to raise its power storage capacity by ten-fold to 14.5 gigawatts by 2020, as the world’s second-biggest economy tries to cut massive waste from renewable energy projects, an industry association said. China is the world largest wind and solar power producer, but some regions are estimated to be losing more than 40 percent of their power because of technical restraints and bottlenecks in the grid, alongside weak power demand growth. Storage technologies, such as pumped storage hydropower or lithium ion batteries, are expected to play a critical role in improving the China’s capacity to make better use of renewables. China currently has 105 megawatts of storage capacity after a 110 percent increase over the previous five years, but that represented just 1.7 percent of total generation capacity by 2015, according to a report released this week by the China Energy Storage Alliance, an industry body.

WSJ: Oil and Gas Giants to Join Wind-Energy Battle

The offshore wind-energy industry will soon be flooded by competition as big oil companies join utilities and small renewable players in the growing sector, said the chief executive of the world’s biggest offshore wind company, Dong Energy. Henrik Poulsen also said some new investment in offshore wind energy was coming from companies primarily associated with traditional oil and gas markets, like Royal Dutch Shell PLC, Eni SpA of Italy and Total SA France. “They have been hesitant,” said Mr. Poulsen in an interview with The Wall Street Journal. “But I think they’ve come to a point where they’re thinking ‘Gee, maybe we should start mobilizing behind renewables, maybe the green transformation won’t slow down.’” Dong was once one of Europe’s most coal intensive utilities but the state-owned enterprise has steered its business away from coal and oil and gas extraction in the past decade toward offshore wind. The move has helped lift profits thanks to Europe’s significant wind power subsidies.

CNBC:  US bankruptcy wave surges despite recovering oil prices

The wave of U.S. oil and gas bankruptcies surged past 60 this week, an ominous sign that the recovery of crude prices to near $50 a barrel is too little, too late for small companies that are running out of money. On Friday, Prices have bounced back to $46 a barrel from February lows in the mid-$20s, but the futures market shows investors do not expect U.S. benchmark crude to rise above $50 for more than a year. That will not help smaller producers built for far higher prices. These companies have largely exhausted funding alter-natives after issuing more equity and debt, tapping second-lien loans and shedding assets over the last two years to stay afloat as banks trimmed credit lines. Some companies are in more acute distress, faced with the expiration of derivative contracts that had allowed them to sell oil above market prices. “Everybody was able to hold on for a while,” said Gary Evans, former CEO of Magnum Hunter Resources, which emerged from bankruptcy protection this week. “But once the hedges roll off you can’t support that debt.”

Globe & Mail:  Production returning to Alberta oil sands after Fort McMurray fire

The oil hub of Fort McMurray, where 2,400 homes and businesses were destroyed and more than 500 damaged, is still off limits after the evacuation of almost 90,000 people from the region. Officials need another 10 days just to come up with a plan for residents to return to the city, so the industry is relying on camps such as Noralta’s to house the thousands of workers needed to get plants up and running. Companies will lose about 14 million barrels of output during the emergency and gradual resumption of production, according to Goldman Sachs Group Inc. While producers haven’t disclosed the financial impact, a rough calculation suggests the shutdowns will lead to more than $450-million (U.S.) of lost revenue, based on current prices for Alberta crude. The lost volume since evacuations began on May 3 also pulled prices for Canadian natural gas down to an 18-year low, as producers curtailed use of the fuel used to power and create steam for oil sands facilities.

Oil and Gas Investor:  Energy Consumption Set To Soar 48% By 2040

Economic growth in China, India and other parts of Asia are expected to play a big part in driving the world’s energy consumption up by 48% within the next three decades. Growth toward 815 quadrillion Btu by 2040 is forecast to come as renewable energy’s slice of the energy supply pie gets bigger but not nearly enough to overtake fossil fuels, which will be the dominate energy source. Petroleum and other liquids will lead the way, followed by natural gas, the fast-growing fossil fuel. Coal consumption is expected to fall just about everywhere, except India, amid continued efforts worldwide to reduce emissions. The U.S. is still expected to be the leader when it comes to unconventional production, and production is set to grow in OPEC and non-OPEC nations with the exception of OECD Europe. All of this is according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), which released an updated version of its International Energy Outlook on May 11.

Penn Energy:  Militants continue attacks on Nigerian oil terminals

Shell declared force majeure on Nigeria’s benchmark Bonny Light crude oil and was evacuating workers from a threatened oil field as renewed militant attacks cut production in Africa’s biggest petroleum producer, the company and a union leader said. Shell began evacuating workers Wednesday from its offshore Bonga oilfield following a militant threat, said Ojobor Cogent, zonal chairman of the NUPENG oil workers union. He said oil production was continuing there. Shell spokesman Precious Okolobo refused to confirm the evacuation, saying only that the company is “taking all possible steps to ensure the safety of staff and contractors.” Okolobo said Wednesday that Shell declared force majeure on Bonny exports effective 1100 GMT the day before citing a leak on the Nembe pipeline. Pipeline operator Aiteo Exploration said the trunkline was damaged in an attack. Nigeria’s production was down to 1.68 million barrels a day from 2.2 million, Eurasia Group risk assessment said before Bonny’s closure. A bomb last week closed Chevron’s Escravos oil and gas facility. Shell’s Forcados export terminal has been shut since an undersea export pipeline was attacked in February.

Herald Scotland:  Cluff gives up on coal gasification

Entrepreneur Algy Cluff has said he has switched his focus to the North Sea after giving up on a controversial plan to create gas by burning coal held under the Forth for the time being. The Cluff Natural Resources business run by the North Sea veteran said it has written off the £337,000 value of its nine UK underground coal gasification licences after concluding there is no current prospect of developing any. The London-based company noted politicians on both sides of the border had imposed moratoriums on such gasification schemes, which have attracted fierce opposition from environmental campaigners. After posting a £1.9 million loss for 2015, Cluff Natural Resources said: “The Company is confident that the existing evidence base and pressure to support the UK’s energy intensive industries will eventually result in the emergence of policies which are supportive of the development of UCG projects in the UK.” However the company said it will invest no more in gasification projects beyond paying fees to renew licences for now.

RT:  Germany boosts Russian gas imports by 19% through April

While Brussels talks about ending Gazpom’s gas monopoly in Europe with the first LNG supplies arriving from the US, the Russian energy company has announced that it’s significantly boosted gas supplies to its biggest Western market – Germany, which last year broke the record of supplies from Russia, which grew by 6.6 billion cubic meters (+17.1 percent). The upward trend continues to become stronger this year – 2 billion more cubic meters as compared to the last year (+19 percent) were already exported in the first four months of 2016,” the Russian company said after the meeting of CEO Aleksey Miller with German Vice-Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel. Russia and Germany also discussed the importance of Nord Stream-2 pipeline for Europe.“The creation of a new gas pipeline will not only increase security of supplies, but will also contribute to the development of the European gas market,” Gazprom stated. Last year, Gazprom exported 45.31 billion cubic meters of natural gas to Germany, which is almost 30 percent of Russian gas supplies to Western Europe and Turkey. Overall, the Russian company covers about a third of European gas consumption.

Guardian:  UK energy from coal hits zero for first time in over 100 years

The amount of electricity generated from coal in the UK has fallen to zero several times in the past week, grid data shows. In what green energy supporters have described as a “historic turning point” for the UK’s power system, coal-fired electricity first fell to zero late on Monday night and for the early hours of Tuesday morning, according to data from BM Reports. On Thursday, there was no electricity from coal for more than 12 and a half hours, more than half the day, with it making no contribution to the UK’s power supplies late at night when demand was low and for a period in the day, the data shows. It is thought to be the first time the UK has been without electricity from coal since the world’s first centralised public coal-fired generator opened at Holborn Viaduct in London, in 1882, according to the Carbon Brief website which reports on climate science and energy policy.

Discovery:  Global warming shrinks seabird beaks

In a new study published today in the journal Science, an international team details how the warming of the Arctic by climate change could be responsible for drops in the population of a sub-species of red knot bird (Calidris canutus canutus). As the Arctic has warmed, red knots — which breed in Siberia — have grown smaller with shorter bills. When the birds arrive at their winter feeding grounds in tropical West Africa, their bills are too short to reach the best food, resulting in higher mortality among the juvenile population, the researchers found. They suggest the red knot’s experience could hold the key to understanding declining populations worldwide of migratory shore birds.

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60 Responses to Blowout Week 124

  1. mark4asp says:

    EC court says Germany is not allowed to subsidise industrial energy. It doesn’t say by when the German state aid must stop, nor whether they will have to pay any fines.

    No media have reported this EC court ruling yet. Press release:
    … The General Court (EC) confirms that the German law on renewable energy of 2012 (the EEG 2012) involved State aid …

    • gweberbv says:


      this ruling says that the EU commission was right when they demanded the German government a few years ago to (slightly) realign its renewable surcharge scheme that strongly favors big electricity consumers.
      Well, after the law EEG2012 (renewable energy law), which was critized by the EU commission (and rightly so, as the court now ruled), we got EEG2014 and now EEG2016 is being drafted. This law is changed much faster than the EU machinery works. And the exempt from the renewables surchage for big industry is still in place (but maybe the wording is now a little bit different to accomodate the EU).

    • Euan Mearns says:

      Duracell and Mercedes to collaborate on electric car. This is amazing, must see vid.

  2. Euan Mearns says:

    Roger, it is very interesting for me to observe in part the fantasy energy world of the future unfold. My first exposure to the V2G concept came through ASPO and The Oil Drum (TOD). Same too for the Ice Link concept. I’m not sure how bonkers these concepts are, but they have gained traction. Legislation bending markets alters bonkersness 😉

    But I’d like your opinion on the maps you have posted on Alaska – Germany solar. Don’t add up in my mind.

    • I’d been wondering about that too.

      1. As far as I can tell from the colors both maps show an average of about 3-3.5 kWh/m2/day. A map from the Renewable Energy Atlas of Alaska gives more or less the same number. So the maps are probably OK.

      2. In my post on Solar load factors I estimated an average capacity factor of 12.1% for Germany and 10.1% for Alaska (the same as the UK, by the way). Given the limits of estimation error these numbers aren’t all that different.

      3. But at an average latitude of 64N Alaska receives an annual average of about 5.1 kWh/m2/day of solar radiation and at an average latitude of 51N Germany receives about 6.5. These numbers clearly conflict with the maps. Why?

      4. All I can think of is that they’re calculated assuming clear-sky conditions while the maps include the impacts of cloudiness, meaning that Germany is more cloudy than Alaska (is it?).

      5. None of this, of course, proves that solar in Alaska is any more economic than solar in Germany.

      • stone100 says:

        This site suggests that Faibanks is a bit sunnier than Frankfurt especially in spring and early summer

      • Thinkstoomuch says:

        The story is based on supplementing remote diesel generation in villages with 100 kw solar plants.

        A Table 2 on 100 kWP Solar plant outputs. Shows according to PVWATTS that CF’s vary from 7.1-11.6%.

        Figure 10 is an example of the output table of the model with Adak. Which had a capacity factor of 7.8% despite being farther south than most. So it actually produces “something ” in Dec and Jan. Not much.

        That study and map are using older older 40 km data. Newer one is here
        Slow PDF but bigger.

        Solar probably is MUCH more economic in Alaska than Germany. Not a whole lot of infrastructure. A lot of villages are like the remote cabins more or less. The diesel all has to be trucked into supply the generators.

        If you want to compare it to wind.


        • T2M. Thanks for the link. I can now draw some conclusions.

          First, according to the link provided by Stone100 above (thank you Stone) Frankfurt is about 30% more cloudy than Fairbanks in July (60.3 vs. 45.5%). I don’t know how much difference this will make but it will increase Fairbanks’ solar output relative to Frankfurt.

          Second, the two solar maps aren’t directly comparable. The Germany map shows solar radiation incident on a horizontal plane, but the Alaska map shows radiation “for a solar collector oriented toward the south at tilt equal to local latitude”. Given the low sun angles in Alaska this could significantly increase the Alaska numbers relative to Germany, but again I don’t know by how much.

          Third we have the evidence of 36 operating solar arrays, 17 in Germany and 19 in Alaska (8 of mine plus the 11 shown in Table 2 of your link). These give the following results:

          Alaska: Avg capacity factor 9.7%, standard deviation 1.8%.
          Germany: Avg capacity factor 12.2%, standard deviation 1.2%.

          These numbers show that on average Germany gets about 25% more solar radiation than Alaska, which sounds reasonable.

          Fourth, according to the Smith-Satterthwaite t-test the Alaska and Germany populations are statistically quite different, giving a t value of 4.9. The threshold for defining a statistical difference is around 2.0.

        • Alex says:

          I suppose a combination of solar in the winter, and small scale diesel CHP in winter, could be economic for remote Alaskan settlements.

  3. Gaznotprom says:

    Just imagine and it will become – some

  4. Willem Post says:


    In Germany 87% RE for a few hours at noontime, when it is windy and sunny. On average it is 33%.

    If Germany did not have robust connections to foreign grids to use THEIR balancing capacity, there would have to be major curtailments, and there would be major disturbances.

    The main reason these foreign countries take the energy is the cost is near zero or negative.

    • robertok06 says:

      “In Germany 87% RE for a few hours at noontime, when it is windy and sunny. ”

      For the record, Willem… it has NOT been 87%!… not even 80%… they do the trick of not considering export!… it is sufficient to just look at the data, at that time there were ~14 GW of coal+lignite+gas+nuclear… out of 60 something, 22% non-REN.

      … week 18, “all sources”… and then compare with “conv.>100 MW”.


  5. Graeme No.3 says:

    Re cars as storage:
    Cars tend to be used at times when there is most solar (if any) so really this idea is just for the benefit of wind which generates mostly at night when all good electric cars are tucked up in bed.
    Wouldn’t it be simpler to just install the equivalent size batteries at or near the wind farms so they could provide electricity on a more regular fashion? Or would that expose the ridiculous cost?

  6. Paul says:

    There is an interesting comment here indicating that the real world output per 6 months of the solaroad is around a factor of two lower (25kWh/m2 vs 46 KWh/m2) compared to nearby rooftop mounted solar panels. Cost estimates are not easy to make as it appears there is not a lot published about it. The company started with a capital of 3.5M Euro but it is not clear how much of that was spent on the actual 70m road.
    But there are many concerns about this concept besides the low output compared to rooftop solar such as maintenance (cleaning, quality of top surface), structural integrity (perhaps not so for a bike path, but more so for real roads with trucks), cost and complexity of interconnecting the modules.
    A concept for solar road as used in Korea where the panels are mounted above the bike lane appears to be simpler and to avoid some of the pitfalls of solaroad.

    Additional views here and here.

    • gweberbv says:

      This solar road seems to be a very stupid idea.

      • John Oneill says:

        It was announced by Segolene Royale, President Hollande’s ex and Minister of Energy, whose speciality seems to be wingnut schemes. She recently offered Elon Musk the Fessenheim nuclear power station to convert into a car factory.

        • robertok06 says:

          Segolene Royale has studied law and social sciences at the well known leftist higher school of management called ENA, which has given literally tens and tens of useless civil servants in high positions and politicians of all kinds… I think president Hollande is also a graduate of such school. She know less than nothing about physics, or technology, or energy policy… so I guess she’s at the top of the list because of this… the less you know the easier the political groups with an agenda will convince you of something really nuts… like stopping 1/3 of the reactors and pretend to replace their baseload output with wind and PV… how crazier can one go?

    • John F. Hultquist says:

      Wattway panels are composed of cells inserted, in superposed layers, inside a thin film of polycrystalline silicon …

      This might work between the rails of a railroad. There would be no wear and the underside of some or all rail-cars could be configured to blow the grit and/or snow off.
      In the real world, why put the working surface under the vehicles? Each passing vehicle will cause the output to decrease. Why not put something above the road? Besides, I have yet to see a road surface unmarred by normal traffic. Small stones embed in tires and act as a chisel, gouging out the surface.
      There are dozens of ways for damage to occur.

      • robertok06 says:

        The first such PV road will be installed in the city of Grenoble, which is the only “large” metropolitan area in France which got a green government from the last elections, 3 years ago or so… and Grenoble, believe me, it’s not the sunniest city in France, at all!… it is placed in beteween 3 mountain ranges, called “the capital of the Alps”… but at 220 m on sea level… often foggy, humid and cold in winter, and often the hottest city in summer, due to the natural way the mountain ranges act.
        It’s an hopeless enterprise, but not to worry… the greens will turn it upside down and talk about it as a great success… brain washing is their best quality.

  7. Asteroid Miner says:

    If I owned an electric car, I would not allow THEM to use my battery that way. Batteries are good for only so many charge/discharge cycles, and they are expensive. You would be giving a huge subsidy of your own money to the electric company. And the car batteries are not enough to make a difference anyway. It is a propaganda scheme.

    • Olav says:

      I have a Nissan Leaf and now it have been running almost 2 years and 50000 km without noticing any battery degradation. During the 4..5 years Leaf has been for sale in Europe only a handful of batteries has been changed, and it has been said it was because of production failure. It looks like the batteries may last the cars lifetime. I can charge at home easily and driving has been little reduced due to low battery status when I want to drive. Actually the Leaf has upped my insurance km to 30000 a year. Before I used 20000 km or less. Well when driving is “cheap” you drive more. As I mentioned I has easy access to charging at home but many properties or flats do not have that possibility and then…
      Utilities could equip some parking spots with slow chargers. You come home from work at 16:30 and still has 10 kWh left on the battery. You plug in the car at that vehicle to grid parking spot and the charger will know who is connected from the charger from the vehicle communication. Billing is then possible on a monthly basis. The billing is at higher price than at home to cover some of the investment cost.
      Therefore it is easy just put in the cable as the more lucky ones can do at home. Okay to make this fly both for utilities and car owner the following could be a likely scenario. The car was parked at 16:30 with 10 kWh left on the battery. The owner hit the button for to allow vehicle to grid power transfer as the car was not needed until the next day otherwise the button would not be pressed. 16:30 to21:00 is a very stressed time for the grid and allowing any car with more than 20% on the battery to transfer power at a max 5 kW rate is like a 500 MW power station if 100 000 cars were connected. This power station is also situated very close to the power users. Any car that has delivered xx kWh back to grid is rewarded by double xx kWh charge for free sometime before 06:00 the next day. If you participate in vehicle to grid you get double the kWh delivered back for free.
      Of cause this would degrade your battery a little faster but very little as the vehicle to grid power transfer is slower than if the car was driven and deep discharge is blocked. It may be feasible for many especially those who want an electric car but the charging possibilities are difficult.

      • robertok06 says:


        I am afraid that your proposal of 2-for-1, your EV gives N kWh of electricity to the grid and later it gets 2N kWh from the grid… before the morning after when the EV owner would like to be able to go to work… is NOT going to fly if intermittent renewables are the source of electricity.
        PV is non existent at night, so it is already out of the picture, and wind is too variable for any company to be able to take the risk of not being able to honor the contractual obligation to give back the equivalent of 2×500 MW power station electricity… only if the technology with the “n” is involved that would work, or in particularly lucky countries which have lots of hydro and small populations… none of the big EU economies among them.

        • Olav says:

          The grid today has limited amount of wind and PV so power given back will come from fossil fuel plants with likely spare night capacity. If wind penetration gets high or very high off cause EV charging at night is even better. For grid management there is also a third possibility. If frequency drops just stop the EV charging until secondary reserve is ready. Charging EVs is definitely a primary reserve. First stop charging and if that is not enough retrive power from the EVs which allows that.
          Cars butteries are daily charged and discharged. I try to keep the battery within 40..80% when possible. Full discharge has not happened yet but I have been close many times. Any limited extra use including limited vehicle to grid power transfer will have its battery effect, so it has to be rewarded.
          Cities globally has a big air quality problem.

          Giving high rise dwellers a charging possibility helps them, the grid and the air quality.

          • robertok06 says:

            “so it has to be rewarded.”

            Ah!… the never missing “reward” (incentive, in green parlance)… of course, large rewards, for every owner.

      • gweberbv says:

        EVs – once there are may of them – might be an interesting alternative for grid stabilization and securing peak demand. Let’s assume you get a small discount when you buy the car and this gives the seller the right to use your battery (to a certain extent) while the car is plugged in. Individual cars may be unavailable when their service would be needed, but if a company has hundreds of thousands of them in their portfolio they will be able to forecast quite precisely what capacity and amount of stored energy they have on the grid for a certain day and time.

        But for daily cycling the EV batteries will not last long enough, I fear.

      • Alex says:

        So your battery might last 10 years, and the car might last two batteries. If you start doing V2G, the batteries might only last 5 years.

        There will be better ways of supporting the grid than batteries which are optimised for weight and power, rather than cost and energy.

        What will make sense is time slot charging. You get home, tell the “app” you need a full charge by 8am, and the app will negotiate the best time to download the electricity.

        • Euan Mearns says:

          I’ve been listening to this kind of blether Alex for about 10 years. In the UK at least, consumers are not exposed to wholesale spot prices. Your “app” will be negotiating with a flat retail rate. A 10 year old could write an app for that.

          The masters of the current system are the utilities. And so before blethering, you need to describe the new system of prices that will replace this. One where when the wind blows and the sun shines that the purveyors of RE sell their power for nothing at all to the owners of EVs. And so, instead of getting paid top dollar via subsidies, the purveyors of RE agree to pay consumers to take the unwanted power they are generating. You win an energy banana for describing the structure of this new system you seem to support.

          • Grant says:

            UK market prices do indeed seem to be well fixed at this time. Gas is expensive today compared to 10 or 15 years ago.

            If the market players decide they wish to create a differential pricing model because they see a way to extract money from consumers then they will do so.

            However if the UK moves to a “collective” energy purchasing model the bargaining power of a large group is likely to change the game.

            Owning an electric car is a weak negotiating position. Renting an autonomous electric car on a “when needed” basis with power included would give the operating company some negotiating strength.

        • Grant says:

          Once you have the scale of a few million vehicles being charged overnight their will probably not be much room for negitiation of a price. Unless , of course, social patterns change and work for many people moves away from the 9 to 5 concepts.

  8. A C Osborn says:

    Re nil Coal Generation.
    Will they now close those Coal Fired Stations, as there is no financial incentive in keeping them open?
    If they do what will the UK do when the winter comes?

    • It doesn't add up... says:

      The reason why UK coal generation fell to zero is because most of the coal fired stations have already closed, with several shutting this spring. In fact, the National Grid has had to pay to stop a couple of them from being dismantled, and kept available in case they are needed to meet a winter demand peak. Even so, there remains a severe risk of blackouts should we get a cold winter evening with no wind, and a problem at a couple of nuclear/CCGT plants, or problems on the Continent resulting in interconnector power flows reversing (they did several times last winter). Indeed, we may not even need winter conditions for problems: there was a NISM event last week when the Dutch interconnector shut down for maintenance on top of a couple of problems at UK stations, and a reduction in availability from France.

  9. Syndroma says:

    Crimean energy bridge completed from mainland Russia

  10. robertok06 says:

    …. and the best bullshit greenwash propaganda news of the week is????….

    … This one!

    “YourStory: France’s 1,000 km long solar road

    This means that, once the project is completed, the new roadways will be able to supply electricity to 5 million people, or about 8% of the French population. ”

    France has consumed 475 TWh of electricity in 2014. My guess is that 25-30% of it goes into supplying electricity to the french people… there are 65 millions of them, 8% of 65M is 5.2M, and 30% of 475 billion kWh x 5/65 is a bit more than 11 TWh of electricity, consumed by French people with a peak at 7pm, especially in winter time.
    Now… 1000 km of a road, even 10 m wide and paved all of it with this magic new BS PV product, which being placed horizontally on roads which are not the cleanest environment on earth, at a capacity factor of 10% if everything goes well (my guess is 5%) would produce at most a bit more than 1 TWh (1.4 at 10% CF)… it’s about 8 times less than the demand of the 8% of French people… what the he*l are they talking about???

    Isn’t there an ethical code that these guys should follow? It is outrageous to be allowed to spew lies like these… most people will believe it!

    • Alex says:

      Technically speaking, the road will supply electricity to 65 million French people and about 400 million in the rest of Europe.

      It’s what the grid does.

      Still, a road seems a daft place to put solar panels. Summer heat capture is a better concept – and it can then be recycled in winter to unfreeze the road.

  11. IainC says:

    ” Actually the Leaf has upped my insurance km to 30000 a year. Before I used 20000 km or less. Well when driving is “cheap” you drive more. ”

    Hardly saving the planet if EV users do far more miles than before going green. Though as we all know electric vehicles are only cheap because of the subsidies. Once everyone is driving electric where will the subsidies come from?

    • robertok06 says:

      “Though as we all know electric vehicles are only cheap because of the subsidies.”

      not only that!… the irony of it is that EVs, supposedly brought to the market and heavily incentivized for saving the planet from fossil fuels’ poisonous CO2, are not even removing a lot of CO2 with respect to classic thermal engines if they are recharged in a country with a high-CO2 electricity mix… like Germany, Italy, UK… for instance…. while it would make perfect sense in France, just to stay with the bigger, populous countries of the continent, those who make the difference in terms of emissions.
      Sad, indeed.

  12. Grant says:

    Nissan/Renault would have a better chance of achieving whatever their claimed ECO objectives are if they admitted the only way to do it would be for them to continuously reduce their manufacturing to zero and put themselves out of business.

    IF the disruptive concept of autonomous cars becomes fact – it may require some strong political will to force it to happen – the chances are that most cars will be electrically powered. Moreover personal ownership will probably not make any sense at all. Indeed any government contemplating the autonomous concept would be unlikely to fail to spot the potential for both ECO command and control and personal data capture. So renting the means of transport will most likely become the only option that will make economic sense for the traveller.

    That would also give the authorities control over the storage of electricity in vehicles and its potential use for balancing intermittency.

    Taking that thought a stage further there is no real reason to expect our life patterns to continue to be dictated by the industrial age normal working model as we know it.

    Yesterday I read a claim that more and more companies are offering flexitime working and certainly more and more offer “work from home” opportunities.

    Once there was a time when certain activities required people to visit business locations and turning up at an office was a necessity. Broadband has greatly affected that aspect of out lives in a very short time span along with wider and more general network connectivity. To suggest 2 examples – British social interaction for a large part of the young adult community revolved around pubs – places to drink and socialise and play some games (Darts, dominoes, bar billiards, etc.)

    In the past half generation many such social centres have shut down. People socialise in different ways – often over the internet from home it seems. There is no need to meet to socialise when a mobile device offers the potential with a greater amount of certainty of success. Well, some sort of success and probably greater certainty than turning up at a regularly used pub and hoping that one’s friends are there as usual.

    And then there are business adaptations. Such as Banking.

    Now so long ago in the UK most transactions with a bank usually meant a visit to a Bank Branch establishment and interaction with a member of staff over a counter.

    Such has been the effect of the introduction of internet and “mobile” banking that Banks are closing their Branches faster than Brewers are closing their Pubs. This despite previous cuts of staff levels to something at or below subsistence.

    There are any number of similar examples of how society can be re-engineered in quite a short period. Whether that is a good thing or a bad thing is something to be discussed elsewhere.

    However, against that background what is stopping people suggesting that in the future our lives (or more accurately the lives of the current younger generation and those generation that may follow) could be flexibly adapted to fit with available energy?

    Before the advent of coal driven mostly steam powered energy that was pretty much exactly how things worked. Most work (mainly agricultural) was undertaken in daylight hours. Windmills could only grind corn when the wind was blowing and watermills only worked when river flow was viable.

    It would not be too far fetched to see the Renewable Electric future as an opportunity for “Authorities” to regain control over the activities of their serfs by dictating and tracking where they go, what they can do and when they can do it.

    The people will accept it if presented on the pretext of Social Equality and Security.

    The benefits for the Authorities would be so great and at so little cost to them (since everything would be re-charged – please excuse the pun – to the serfs) that rational decision making about costs would be ignored. Control and power at any price would be too attractive to think twice about it.

    Against that background, should it come to pass, re-engineering society to adapt to available energy should much easier that engineering energy to fit with society’s Industrial Era based patterns.

    It helps if one can simply ignore the much larger population that countries have to support compared with pre-industrial times.

    It would also mean that Nissan/Renault, if they have not shut themselves down as part of their social conscience, could abandon all the sales and marketing cost necessary to sell product to erratic and illogical individuals and concentrate on block sales to Governments. Being State owned Renault are probably quite good at that.

    I wonder if Elon Musk has reached a similar conclusion?

    • A C Osborn says:

      Unless they are going to totally robotise factories you cannot “make” anything meaningful from home.
      Only the wonderful “service industries” can get away with that.
      Thatcher’s dream of a service industry only country forgets that you have to make things to actually generate wealth, even the finance industry stops if there are no products to generate the electronic cash they play with.

      • Grant says:


        I agree up to a point, however In the green future every dream will become reality. (Yes really!)

        Is there any evidence that future policies for the UK include keeping a serious amount of manufacturing? Or at least manufacturing that requires a lot of energy.

        All of the overheads can be exported to make one’s green credentials glow with righteousness.

        Assembly should be less energy intensive and can be claimed as “manufacturing”.

        JIT Japanese manufacturing techniques, deployed by the likes of Nissan decades ago, had small scale “at home” engineering as a primary supply criterion. Might be a way to keep the farmers (traditional rather then subsidy farmers) afloat.

        With “free” energy for electric vehicles such a new economic model could works miracles. Even better when autonomous vehicles are widely deployed.

        If they make a policy the social changes will come.

        Whether they are good, bad or indifferent ….. we will probably never know.

  13. “We have a greater share of renewable energy every year,” said Christoph Podewils of Agora. “The power system adapted to this quite nicely. This day shows again that a system with large amounts of renewable energy works fine.”

    I am to sure how that works. surely a system that needs investment thus also needs to generate cash. So paying people to use your product is not integrating it nicely.

    Furthermore even though power prices (wholesale) were negative, it is not likely that anyone was paid to use electricity. Also the FiT would have still been paid meaning a double negative.

    • robertok06 says:

      ““The power system adapted to this quite nicely. This day shows again that a system with large amounts of renewable energy works fine.””

      Blatantly incorrect… it is sufficient to look at the data for one week later, yesterday… not much sun and lots of fossi fuels and nuclear in the electricity mix:

      … and let’s not talk for weekdays, when industry runs full blast and demand is higher.

      • gweberbv says:


        either the data for yesterday was reported so far very incorrect, or a new record was set with less than 10 GW FF+nuclear and 100% of domestic demand covered by renewables.
        But we have to wait a few days, before official data can be ontained.

        • robertok06 says:

          “100% of domestic demand covered by renewables” is green spin, nothing more, Guenter!… one has to take the amount of green electricity and divide it by the TOTAL amount of electricity, or else you are telling me that there is a magic way for the network to tell which electron is generated by PV and/wind, which by fossili/nuclear and then it sends only the latter to export? C’mon… you can do better than that! 🙂

          • robertok06 says:

            This is the link for the data:


            week 19, “all sources”… click on the graph round 15:00 hours, then add up the production of oil, gas, coal, lignite, and the thing with the “n” that makes you German guys scratch… it is 16 GW out of 57 total production, so… at best… renewables have generated 78% of the electricity at that time.
            The trick of “forgetting” about the exported electricity is getting old by now, you guys have used it too many times, it is easy to spot.

            So… summarizing… after spending hundreds of billions of Euro, after have lost even more money on the market sending towards bankrupty companies (German and from other countries) which have assured the backbone of the production of electricity on which the first exporting country on the planet has built its wealth… and I leave out the even bigger amount of money, colossal amount, which has been already guaranteed for the next 20 years… Germany can generate for 1-2 hours of a low-demand non-working day of May the coverage of 78% of the demand….

            what can I say more?… do you want me to congratulate you for this?… really? 🙂

            Energiewende will go down in history as the biggest economic/energy policy failure of all non-war times… that’s clear already.


    • gweberbv says:


      the real problem for the system are not the few dozens of hours per year with negative prices. It is the thousands of hours with positive prices, but still too low for profitable operation of the non-subsidized plants.

      • Indeed and this is caused by the subsidised power producers….

        Thank you for accepting that the German system is a failure.

        • gweberbv says:

          I wouldn’t call it a failure. Also banning asbestos rendered a lot of assets worthless and is still today causing costs. But was it a failure?

          The collapsing business model of conventional power plants is just an issue one has to deal with.

          • Andy Dawson says:

            “I wouldn’t call it a failure. ”

            Hang on….you’ve introduced a subsidy regime for one set of (intermittent) generators, which is making it impossible for dispatchable generation to say on the system without subsidy, and you think it’s a success?

            I’d hate to see you idea of a car-crash…

          • “I wouldn’t call it a failure.”

            We it is inherent in your previous statement.

          • gweberbv says:


            when one introduces a measure that will replace much of the business model of already existing providers (be it whatever: ice cream, electricity, smartphones), it is clear that these providers will be put under severe economic pressure.
            The very idea of the Energiewende is that operators/owners of FF power plants will see their share of the electricity market (and eventually of the energy market as a whole) significantly decline. As their infrastructure has lifetimes of a few decades, it is also obvious that this means a lot of their recent investments will turn out to be unprofitable. One has to find ways to keep those parts of the FF energy infrastructure that are still needed alive. The rest is simply set to die.
            The same had happened if Germany had built a huge fleet of additional hydro plants or biomass plants (which is technically not possible).

          • Grant says:

            This is the 21st century approach to social matters.

            The same kind of short term thinking applied to most things. Even long term planning requirements like pensions.

            At the current rate of trashing social cohesion for short term gains how long will it be before things get rather painful for the masses?

            Will a mega yacht prove to be a safe haven? Can they be powered by solar energy and nothing else?

          • gw

            Your thinking is so warped, one cannot make head nor tail of it. First you say the problem is that plants can only make money when subsidized but then say that ti is good that the un-subsidized plants die off.

          • gweberbv says:


            very easy: problem ≠ failure

            It is a problem for all pension schemes that the lifespan of people increases. Something we must deal with. But the very fact that people get older is not a failure.
            Same with the increasing penetration of renewables (at least if you – in principle – favour renewable energy sources over FF ones).

          • Euan Mearns says:

            Gunther, you need to take care with generalisations like this:

            at least if you – in principle – favour renewable energy sources over FF ones

            All renewables are not equal and so it is not possible to have a generalised opinion. Hydro power, for example, makes a lot of sense in Norway, but no sense in Holland. Solar PV makes more sense in the tropics but no sense in Scotland. Corn ethanol may turn out to be positively evil, while sugar cane ethanol may make more sense, so long as you don’t mine felling the Amazon.

          • Alex says:

            One of the consequences of the Energiewende is to make electric heating financially non viable. Electricity prices are about 5 times higher than gas proces, thanks to the EEG, and heat pump COPs only go up to about 3 to 4.

            So more lock in of gas.

  14. bobski2014 says:

    Am I being even more dim than usual? If I had an electric car with enough charge in it to get me to work tomorrow morning, but I used that charge to keep the National Grid powered up, wouldn’t that mean I’d have to use the grid to replace the charge I’d given it?
    Are the prices going to be the same in both directions? Is there any loss of energy every time we reverse the current?
    I’m trying to keep up with all this lunacy but it’s not easy.

    • Adam Gallon says:

      You’ve got it!
      The idea of using a battery-powered car as a balancer was discussed some time back. I can’t remember who (Maybe Booker of North?) and the problem of the surge in demand as we all wake up, shower, switch on the kettle, toaster, grill, etc, etc,,with power being pulled from the cars’ batteries leading to you having a flat battery just in time for your commute to work on that lovely November morning!

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