In 2012 Russia produced the equivalent of 26 million barrels oil per day spread between oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear and hydro electric power . Just under 50% of that energy was exported, approximately 12.2 million barrels oil equivalent per day, mainly to western Europe and former Soviet republics who are heavily dependent upon Russian energy for their well being (Figures 1 and 4).
Leading up to and following the fall of the Soviet Union (1991) the Russian economy declined for many years. The low point was 1998, the year of $10 oil. Since then the economy has recovered strongly, spurred on by growing production of oil, gas and coal and rising energy prices. However, whilst it remains a military superpower, Russia and its economy are not as large as many may believe. The population in 2012 was 143 million and GDP 0.980 trillion $ US (2005). Germany and the UK combined, by comparison, have a population of 146 million and GDP of 5.5 trillion $ US (2005).
The overview of energy, population and economy described below in 14 charts suggests that Russia is just getting back on her feet following the collapse of the Soviet Union 23 years ago. Personally, I’d feel more secure in Europe with a prosperous, friendly and internationally integrated Russia. Crimea was a part of Russia until 1954 when it was “gifted” to Ukraine by a Ukrainian . The majority Russian population in Crimea have held a peaceful vote and have elected to rejoin Russia. Surely this does not warrant The West creating a major international and economic crisis from which everyone would lose?
Figure 1 During the Soviet era, Russia actually imported coal from the rest of The Union. It has since substantially reduced its own coal consumption, and, despite lower coal production today, has become a significant coal exporter, particularly to Europe. Total primary energy production declined leading up to and following the demise of the Soviet Union but has since recovered to match levels last seen in 1988 (Figure 2). A decline in Russia’s own energy use (Figure 3) has seen energy export volumes grow to record levels in 2012. No other country exports so much energy. 
Figure 2 Russian energy production has regained the levels reached during the heyday of the Soviet Union in 1988.  Production charts for oil, gas and coal are shown individually in the Appendix. Oil production has been rising only slowly since 2004 and this is one contributory factor to high global oil prices. Gas production has been on a plateau of about 500 million tonnes oil equivalent (toe) per annum since 1990 and it is not clear that this production level can be surpassed.
Figure 3 Russian primary energy consumption shows decline leading up to and following the collapse of the Soviet Union with stabilisation and slow rise following the nadir of 1998. Per capita consumption of 4.9 toe per annum in 2012 (Figure 7) is similar to the UK. [1, 2]
Figure 4 The bulk of Russian gas exports are via pipeline to Europe. Germany, Ukraine, Turkey, Belarus and Italy are the main destinations. In addition, Russia also has a Pacific Rim liquefied natural gas (LNG) train exporting 11 BCM to Japan and 3 BCM to S Korea in 2012. 
Figure 5 Following dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian population began to decline, the result of migration, falling birth rate and falling life expectancy. GDP was already in steep decline in the lead up to dissolution and the nadir was 1998, the year of $10 oil. GDP has since recovered strongly on the back of rising energy prices and export volumes. At just under 1 trillion $US (2005) Russian GDP is still dwarfed by its OECD counterparts. For example, the combined population of Germany and the UK is 146 million, a little higher than Russia and the combined GDP is 5.5 trillion $US (2005), over 5 times that of Russia. 
Figure 6 The population pyramid for Russia  bears many hallmarks of an advanced society and an ageing population combined with some interesting features. The dearth of 65 year olds reflects low births around WWII. The great excess of women over men aged 70+ likely reflects male mortality during WWII. Note some women in the 100+ cohort. I’m not sure what the dearth of 40 year olds (births around 1970) reflects. Note how recent birth rates are recovering.
Figure 7 Per capita energy consumption of about 5 tonnes oil equivalent (toe) per annum is comparable with European peers. Per capita GDP of $6851 per annum is much higher than Egypt ($1643) but is well below that of European peers. [1, 2]
Figure 8 The elegantly simple relationship between GDP and energy consumption seen in Egypt  is more complex in Russia reflecting the collapse of the Soviet Union and a new growth trend based more upon free market principles. Russia produced $1413 of GDP for every toe consumed in 2012. This figure is lower than Egypt ($1528) and I’m guessing significantly lower than European peers. [1, 2]
Figure 9 Russia has historically run a trade surplus with the rest of the world. She has exported energy whilst manufacturing many of the consumer and capital goods that are used such as cars, planes, oil drilling equipment and rockets that take Americans to The International Space Station, etc. The cumulative surplus since 1990 amounts to a staggering 1.53 trillion $US and I imagine that it is this money invested in bonds of OECD countries that Russia is now scurrying to repatriate. 
Figure 10 Finally, I have added electricity consumption to the ensemble of charts and data since I believe that per capita electricity consumed may emerge as a proxy for how developed a country is. Russians currently consume about 7.5 MWh per capita per annum. [1, 2]
Appendix – individual oil, gas and coal production charts
Figure 11 In 2012 Russian oil production averaged 10.64 million barrels per day. Production is still rising slowly and has yet to attain the 1987 Soviet era peak of 11.42 million barrels per day. 
Figure 12 The history of gas production lacks the sharp post-Soviet fall in production seen in both oil and coal suggesting that Russia really pushed the boat out to maintain supplies to western Europe in the post-Soviet turbulent times. Gas production appears to be on a plateau since 2005.  It could be argued that this is demand related or it may be pipeline capacity related. The other option is decline in the supergiant gas fields – Urengoy, Yamburg and Medvezhye – is offsetting new capacity additions (See Figure 14).
Figure 13 The profile of Russian coal production is similar to that for oil.  The growth in Russian coal exports is based upon the decline in domestic coal consumption.
Figure 14 Russia’s west Siberian super giant gas fields have historically been the beating heart of Europe.
 BP: Statistical Review of World Energy 2013
 UN: National Accounts Main Aggregates Database
 Wikipedia: Crimea
 Wikipedia: Demographics of Russia
 Egypt – energy, population and economy